Aragon is one of Spain's autonomous communities (regions), it is located in the north east of the country and one of the four Spanish regions that border France. The modern region of Aragon covers the same area as the medieval kingdom of the same name. According to the Statute of Autonomy, Aragon is one of Spain's recognised nationalities.
The kingdom of Aragon was formed as a result of Ramiro I becoming king of Aragon in 1035. Over time, the kingdom began to grow after conquering provinces such as Huesca and Zaragoza in 1096 and 1118 respectively. The region's modern history includes its role in the Spanish Civil War, where the Battle of Teruel took place in 1938, resulting in a nationalist victory.
The region's surface area is 47,719 square kilometres, making it one of the larger regions in Spain. The landscape is extremely diverse, providing an ideal setting for pastoral scenes, thriving orchards and pasture lands as well as glaciers and steppe plains. The tallest mountain in the Pyrenees, the Aneto, is in Aragon. The river Ebro - Spain's largest river flows through Zaragoza city, and has it's source in Fontibre, Cantabria province.
The population of Aragon is highly concentrated in the city of Zaragoza, which makes up for nearly half of the approximately 1.5 million people living in the region. The only other city that has a greater population than 50,000 is Huesca. Due to the diverse terrain in Aragon, the general population is usually found in areas that surround the river Ebro or in the cities, whilst the Pyrenean hills have the fewest inhabitants.
The climate in Aragon is quite different to that of other regions in Spain, as it is usually determined by the region's wide range of altitudes. For example, the Pyrenees experiences freezing temperatures during the winter, whilst temperatures rarely climb above cool during the summer months. In contrast, hot summers and mild winters can be experienced in lowland areas.