The Island of Lanzarote is the furthest east of all the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean.
It is the fourth largest island of the Canaries at 846 square kilometres. Located around 125 kilometres of the coast of Africa, Lanzarote is famous for its volcanic origin after being born as a result of a fiery eruption and the solidification of lava, which is the main reason for its particularly complicated rock formations.
Once the continental plates between Africa and America separated, the aftermath consisted of huge eruptions which are believed to have occurred around the early 18th century.
It is believed that Lanzarote was the first official settlement of all the Canary Islands for the Phoenicians. The first fort to be built on the island was courtesy of a Portuguese navigator by the name of Lancelotto Malocello, after arriving by ship from Lisbon in 1336. This led to the slave trade in the Canaries, with hundreds of Guanches being sold in Spain.
Lanzarote is a hugely popular tourist destination thanks to its attractive coastal areas, intriguing biodiversity and warm climate. There are various kinds of wildlife present on Lanzarote, from rare birds to reptile species and other interesting vertebrae. The plants on the island have all adapted to live without water due to the lack of rainfall in Lanzarote, which is another appealing feature of the island for tourists.
The vast majority of the population in Lanzarote are Spanish, although small percentages of migrants from Colombia, the UK, Morocco, Ireland, Germany and Ecuador also make up the population. There are believed to be around 140,000 people living on Lanzarote since research was conducted in 2010. The 10 per cent of European migrants are often attracted by the appealing climate and stunning coastal views, with temperatures regularly peaking at over 30 degrees during the warm and prolonged summer months.