The population of the Valencian Community is 5.1 million and as an official nationality, the languages spoken by inhabitants in Valencia include Valencian and Spanish.
The majority of the population is concentrated in areas with thriving agricultural trade, such as harbour cities and lowland rivers. There is over 500 kilometres of Mediterranean coastline in Valencia, offering plenty of coastal landscapes and attractive beachside resorts to the many tourists that visit the region every year.
The climate in Valencia is relatively mild and is influenced by the neighbouring Mediterranean Sea. Towards the northern coastal parts of the territory, winters are usually cool whilst summers are dry, long and particularly hot. These conditions are most likely to be experienced in lowland areas. Parts of the region with higher elevation tend to have mixed winters of both cool and cold temperatures, whilst summers are slightly less warm compared to the northern-most parts of the region. In addition, elevated areas experience unpredictable accumulations of rainfall throughout the year in contrast to the northern-most border.
Valencia's history is similar to that of other regions affected by King Philip V of Spain's victory in the War of the Spanish Succession. The Kingdom of Valencia had previously been a member of the Crown of Aragon, until it became part of the Kingdom of Castille in 1707.
Valencia's use of language amongst the autonomous community was affected, with the Valencian language abolished in formal and official situations. Valencia attempted to gain self-government in 1936, but their plans were halted by the Civil War. A self-government scheme was later introduced in the late 70's, before it was finally extended into the Statute of Autonomy in 1982, which led to several self-government institutions under the Generalitat Valenciana.